Examples for ‘Language Variation in Australian Society’ Unit 4 AOS 1 essay.

The more the better!!


11 thoughts on “

  1. This is an example for multiculturalism in Australia:
    On the popular morning drive time show ‘Hughsy and Kate’, Dave Hughes asked Kate Longbrooke if ‘she was up for some yum cha.’ This shows the influence other cultures are having in Australia, and this builds our identity as a nation which values the numerous cultures that preside in it. Furthermore, phonological features can unite different ethnic groups in Australia. For instance, in Singaporean English (SpAE) there is a deletion of the voiceless glottal fricative /h/ phoneme, where the Standard Australian English [wɪð] becomes the SpAE equivalent [wɪt].

  2. This is an example of slang in Australia:
    One such example is the use of ‘cray cray’, which was said in Big Brother in Australia in 2012. This is a reduplication and shortening of the lexeme ‘crazy’, and slang like this appeals to younger demographics in Australia. Furthermore, Australian identity too can be formed in slang, through use of diminutives, where lexemes are shortened to one syllable and a suffix of –ie, -o or –y is inserted. Recent examples of this include ‘devo’ (devastated) said by Andy Allen (Masterchef 2012) and ‘smoko’ (smoking) which appeared on ABC Grandstand radio through the first cricket test of this summer in Australia.

  3. This is an example of the broad Australian accent:
    This may be conveyed in a number of ways, with non-standard syntax such as double negatives (I didn’t do nothing!) and plural forms (youse) being indicative of these characteristics with a ‘no worries’ nature that Australians call their own. In an interview with the Australian professional footballer Lance Franklin in June, his accent was characteristic of BAE, showing evidence of voicing in his pronunciation [fʊri:] as opposed to the Standard Australian English [fʊti:]. This shows that despite his high socio-economic status, he wished to convey his identity as that of one who is masculine, tough and down to earth, as many footballers do, but also show the classless nature of Australian society, as he has chosen to identify with those who are predominantly from a lower socio-economic status than himself.

  4. ‘All my sisters ever say on the phone is: “She was like, ‘Woah’, and I was like ‘Oh my god’, and it’s so like, whatever.”
    (John Hajek, The Age, 15 December 2010

  5. These examples are about discrimination and taboo:
    Overt discriminatory terms such as ‘freak of nature’, ‘misfit’ and ‘outsider’ were commonly used to describe circus performers of the early 1900s. These lexemes, while acceptable then, are no longer so as they are seen as directly offensive and harmful to those not as able as the majority of the modern day society.

    Kate Holden’s comment that ‘The quickest way to relax an audience is to use the f-word’ (The Age 2010)

  6. Effects of technology on language
    ‘Noob: someone who is either new or terrible at a videogame; a variation one the word ‘newb’ which is short for “newbie”

  7. This is an example of euphemisms and promoting social harmony (may not be relevant):
    Obama has also referenced the killing of Osama Bin Laden (2011) in a way that avoided shocking his audience. In this public speech, Obama refers to ‘the operation’ rather than assasination of Bin Laden to promote social cohesion in the Western world and distance the taboo action of killing another human by making it seem necessary.

  8. Effect of media on language
    ‘Has anyone else noticed how frequently TV and radio newsreaders and journalists introduce totally unneccesary syllables into their reports? As a result, we get shockers such as “dwindleing”, “struggleing” and “angleing”. The final straw for me was a sports report of a “triathalon”. It’s hard on the ears. Please get it right’.
    (David Jeffery, Green Guide, The Age, 17 September 2009)

  9. The language used by former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd. In 2009 Rudd stated that the fuss over the Global Financial Crisis was merely a ‘shit storm’. The lexeme ‘shit’, while commented upon, did not provoke a huge reaction from the media. Instead, Rudd’s comment act to decrease the social distance between himself and the general Australian Public, demonstrating in true egalitarian fashion that he was a typical ‘Aussie bloke’.

  10. Quotes from sounds of Aus so far-
    * ‘The way we sound out our a,e,i,o,u,is what gives us our distinct Australian accent’- June Dally-Watkins
    * ‘our accent is a product of our social history’- Dr Felicity Cox
    * ‘Children are the interrogates of change in accent’- Dr Felicity Cox
    * ‘School language reformed after federation in Australia occurred’- Dr Bruce Moore
    * ‘During the war Australian diggers were making themselves sound more Australian to distance themselves from the British’- Dr Felicity Cox
    * ‘Your typical Aussie is a man in a blue singlet, with a shovel’- Michael Cathcart

  11. An example for Ethnolects:
    One of the most salient features of the migrant Ethnolect in Australian English is the pronunciation of the word final (-er). The variant the Greek speakers tend to use more than Anglo speakers is backed and lengthened and commonly used in utterances with final High Rising Tone.

    Examples of Lebanese-Australian English
    – shoo = what’s up?
    – yallah = let’s go/ goodbye
    – habib = darling but can always be used as mate in some circumstances

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